Sanitation Storage Solutions: Septic Tank Solutions

Store and dispose of sewerage with our Septic Tank Solutions.

Septic Tank Solutions

A septic tank is used for the disposal of sewerage only. It brings about the digestion of organic matter and discharges the black water into a French drain to soak away into the ground over time. It requires minimum maintenance, as each component has a specific function and is designed accordingly.

Septic Tank Benefits

  • Minimum maintenance
  • Simple & effective on-site black water treatment
  • Treats effluent naturally
  • Lessens the risk of raw sewerage discharging from treatment plants
  • Long service life & low operating costs
Septic Tank Benefits

System Components

System Components

1. Tank

Septic tank in required size. Standard fittings (fitted inlet and outlet) are included in the price.

The volume required will depend on the amount of people using the facilities on a daily basis:

2. Pipes – 110 mm SV pipes

Lengths will vary based on the installation.
2a. From feed from house to the first elbow
2b. From first elbow into the tank

3. Elbow – 110 mm

According to pipes

4. French drain

Size and backfill material will vary based on installation and preference.
4a. Corrugated iron (size according to the hole)
4b. Stones/rocks that cannot disintegrate/crumble or car tyres

Note

This is a guideline for a basic installation. Each installation will vary based on the setup or your personal preference. We recommend making use of a professional to install this system.

Maintenance

Although septic tanks are fairly maintenance-free, there are a few things you can do to ensure that your system functions properly.

1. Use septic-friendly chemicals only.

It is important that only septic-friendly chemicals are used to clean all toilets feeding into the tank, as septic tanks are not chemical-resistant. Chemicals can also kill the bacteria that help break down the solids. Septic-friendly chemicals can be identified by viewing the labels on the back of products. Note: one teaspoon of dishwashing liquid can result in system failure for up to seven days.

2. Use septic-safe toilet paper.

3. Don’t flush non-biodegradables down the toilet.

Avoid flushing any non-biodegradable objects down the toilet, as this can clog the tank and drain field.

4. Ensure lid remains in place.

When installing the tank, the lid is filled with concrete prior to use to ensure it stays closed off. It is, however, important to double-check every now and then to make sure that nothing falls into the tank and no effluent leaks out of the tank (effluent is not safe and carries disease-causing germs).

5. Keep a watchful eye

If you notice any of the following warning signs, contact a professional septic company/preferred installer immediately for assistance:

  • Surfacing sewerage or wet spots
  • Gurgling sounds in the plumbing system
  • Slow draining fixtures

Maintenance

Installation Guide

Pre-installation: Part 1

1. Tank placement

The location of a septic tank should be considered and it must be placed on soil with a bearing capacity greater than 120 kPa.

Avoid installing the tank:
  • In water-saturated clay or an area that is frequently flooded
  • Where depth to bedrock is less than 2.5m
  • In the path of vehicles/heavy equipment
  • Where underground services are expected (i.e. electric cables, water and sewer pipes, gas lines, etc.)

2. Soil Classification

If bearing capacity cannot easily be determined, use the provided method of soil classification, which will also assist in determining suitable backfill material.

CATEGORYBEARING CAPACITYVISUAL APPEARANCESQUEEZED IN HAND & PRESSURE RELEASED
RockYesSufficientRock, Slate, Shale etc.-
Coarse-grained Soil: GravelYesSufficient- Coarse to very coarse
- Small stones & particles
- Free-flowing
-
Coarse-grained Soil: SandYes


No
Coarse/medium sand is sufficient

Fine sand is NOT sufficient
- Granular appearance (individual grain sizes detectable)
- Free flowing when dry
- Lighter to brownish colours
- Won’t form a cast when dry & falls apart
- Wet cast crumbles when lightly touched
Fine-grained soil: SiltNo- NOT Sufficient- Very little fine sand
- Cloddy when dry & soft flourlike feel
- Readily pulverises to powder
- Darker colours (green, blue & black)
- Cast can be handled without breaking
- Readily puddles when wet
Fine-grained soil: ClayNo- Hard homogeneous clay may be sufficient
- Clay is mostly NOT sufficient
- Fine textured, breaks into very hard lumps when dry
- Difficult to pulverise into soft flourlike powder
- Cohesive when moist & shrinks when drying
- Darker colours (green, blue, black & orange)
- Cast can be freely handled without breaking
Highly Organic SoilNoNOT Sufficient- High organic content (often decomposed)
- Plant remains/woody structure easily recognised
- Mineral soil finely divided with fibrous remains
- Occur in lowlands, swamps & swales
- Dark or black in colour
-

Pre-Installation Part 2

1. Excavation Process

When excavating be aware of:

a. The surroundings
Take care not to damage any underground services (telecommunication, electrical cables, water/sewer pipes, gas lines, etc).

b. The natural elements
If ground water is present in the excavation hole, continuously pump out the water during the installation process.

LOCATIONDESCRIPTIONEXCAVATION DEPTH
Soft in-situ soilFine sand, silt or clayMin 420mm/max 720mm deeper than the tank’s height
Non-load-bearing - No ground water will affect the tank
- No traffic will pass over the site
Min 120mm/max 720mm deeper than the tank’s height
Load-bearing- Ground water will affect the tank
- Traffic will pass over the site
Min 420mm/max 720mm deeper than the tank’s height

2. Prepare the tank bed

The bedding is the foundation on which the tank will be installed. The type and thickness of bedding will vary, choose the correct process relevant to your setup.

TYPETHICKNESSPROCESS
a. Rocks/rocky soils - Minimum 150mm crusher dust or a coarse sand/gravel mixture
- Bedding to be thicker where hollows or uneven areas are levelled out
- Remove all large/loose rocks and objects that could interfere
b. Dry installation
gravel/coarse sand (no ground water)
- 150mm crusher dust or a coarse sand/gravel mixture
- Stabilise bedding layer with 3% cement (1½ bags 50kg cement)
- Spread cement evenly and compact, using mechanical compactor
- Do no wet cement, as the natural moisture from the ground will do this over time
- If the soil is too dry to form a lump when pressed in your hand, add a little water but ensure lump still crumbles when lightly touched
c. Dry installation
soft in-situ soil – fine sand, silt or clay (no ground water)
- 2 x layers of 150mm crusher dust or a coarse sand/gravel mixture each
- Stabilise bedding layer with 3% cement (1½ bags 50kg cement)
- Spread cement evenly and compact, using mechanical compactor
- Do no wet cement, as the natural moisture from the ground will do this over time
- If the soil is too dry to form a lump when pressed in your hand, add a little water but ensure lump still crumbles when lightly touched
d. Wet installation (ground water will be present)- Drainage bedding layer of 150mm crushed rock (19mm), use crusher dust or a coarse sand/gravel mixture
- Stabilise bedding layer with 3% cement (1½ bags 50kg cement)
- Spread cement evenly and compact, using mechanical compactor
- Do no wet cement, as the natural moisture from the ground will do this over time
- If the soil is too dry to form a lump when pressed in your hand, add a little water but ensure lump still crumbles when lightly touched

Installation

3. Hole for the French drain

3. Hole for the French drain

Dig a hole for the French drain. The hole should be approximately 1 meter away from the designated area for the septic tank. Note: the larger the hole the better.

4. Place the tank

4. Place the tank

Carefully place the tank on top of the prepared bedding in the designated excavated area. Note the direction of flow (inlet and outlet) and place according to setup.

5. Backfill preparation

5. Backfill preparation

NB: the backfill procedure differs based on the size of the septic tank used. It is vital to follow the correct procedure to ensure the tank does not get damaged (refer to steps 6 to 7 for more detail).

6. Backfill for 6000lt

6. Backfill for 6000lt

For the 6000lt tank – Fill the tank with 150mm of water, then backfill 150mm around the perimeter of the tank. Compact the layer and repeat the process until at least half of the hole is filled.

7. Backfill for 1250lt to 2500lt

7. Backfill for 1250lt to 2500lt

For the smaller range – Fill the entire tank with water, then backfill in layers of 150mm around the perimeter of the tank, compacting each layer before laying the next. Continue until halfway.

8. Inlet connection

8. Inlet connection

a. Connect a 110mm pipe from the sewerage feed (in house) to the supplied inlet on the tank.
b. Extend grey water feed past the tank and into the French drain, NOT INTO THE TANK.

9. Outlet connection

9. Outlet connection

Connect a 50mm pipe (6m long) to the supplied outlet and extend into the French drain.

10. Pipe to French drain

10. Pipe to French drain

Drill a few holes into the bottom end of the 50mm pipe starting 1m away from the outlet and spaced approximately 200mm apart. Note: the holes will ensure effective drainage.

11. Fill lid with concrete

11. Fill lid with concrete

Fill tank lid with concrete (allow concrete to cure) and put the lid in place.

12. Backfill 2nd Half

12. Backfill 2nd Half

Backfill the rest of the hole with suitable backfill material. Refer to steps 6 to 7 to ensure correct procedure is followed (depending on the size of the tank).

13. Fill the French drain

13. Fill the French drain

Fill the French drain with either stones/rocks or old car tyres. Be careful not to cause damage to the outlet pipe and its connection to the tank. Place corrugated iron over the hole and cover it with soil.

14. Initiate fermentation

14. Initiate fermentation

Place a bacteria starter pack into the septic tank to start the fermentation process (bought at a local co-op/camping store). Alternatively, a piece of rotten meat is just as effective.

15. Dressing

The dressing over the tank will depend on various conditions. Use this table to assist with the appropriate dressing relative to the setup.

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Whether you’re looking for an installer or prefer the DIY-route, we’ve got all the information you need.

The installers listed below have been carefully screened to ensure that they have the right equipment and level of experience to provide you with satisfactory service.

If you’d prefer to install your own tank, please consult our comprehensive, easy-to-use DIY-Installation Guide.

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Why JoJo Tanks?

10 Year Warranty

Benefits

When you purchase a JoJo tank, you invest in a high-quality product from South Africa’s leading manufacturer of polyethylene tank solutions.

Our products offer the following benefits:

  • All JoJo products come with a 10-year guarantee (extended from an 8-year guarantee as of 1 September 2017).
  • Tanks are available in different formats, with a variety of fittings and accessories to extend performance capabilities and versatility.
  • Products are manufactured with the best food-grade, quality virgin LLDPE.
  • With a UV-stabilised outer layer, our products are designed to withstand the harsh African climate.
  • The food-grade, black inner lining in our water tanks prevents algae growth and keeps water fresher for longer.
  • A stringent quality-control system ensures that products meet specified design standards.
  • All JoJo Water and Chemical Tanks are manufactured in accordance with the specifications outlined in SANS 1731:2017*
  • All Vertical, Horizontal and Septic Tanks carry a quality certification from the Agrément Board of South Africa.

Find more information on our compliance to Industry Tank Standards here.

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FAQs

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Find the answers to your most Frequently Asked Questions.

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Storage Solutions

JoJo offers a wide range of storage solutions to suit every application – from domestic and agricultural to industrial and commercial.

Ranging in sizes from 260 litres to 20 000 litres, our storage tanks are suitable for storing a wide range of materials such as rainwater, chemicals, fertilisers, diesel, sewerage and more.

Resources

Find installation guides, brochures & specification sheets, our 10-year warranty and other important documents here.

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For enquiries contact 011 695 8300 or email productinfo@jojotanks.co.za

Address: 198 Howick Cl, Vorna Valley, Midrand, 1686